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New Jersey and The American Revolution

New Jersey played a major role in the American Revolution. In fact, the Battles of Trenton and Princeton were turning points in the war. You can even follow Washington's march from Trenton to Princeton (click here) stopping at twelve markers show the exact route taken..

Follow the links on the left to learn more.

Chronology of Events in New Jersey

1776
10-May 2nd Continental Congress opens in Philadelphia 
19-Jun Royal Governor Franklin arrested at Proprietary House, Perth Amboy 
21-Jun NJ Provincial Congress at Burlington votes 53-3 to break ties with Great Britain, Burlington 
4-Jul Continental Congress approves Declaration of Independence, Philadelphia 
1-Jul Washington's troops construct Fort Lee in NJ and Fort Washington in NY 
16-Nov Fort Washington falls to the British, and Washington evacuates Fort Lee 
20-Nov Washington leads 2,000 troops from Fort Lee across Hackensack River to New Bridge Landing & Steuben House 
Nov 23 -
Dec 3 
Washington continues retreat passing through Princeton on way to Delaware River 
Dec 7-8  Washington and troops cross Delaware River. British and Hessians reach Princeton and Trenton 
13-Dec General Lee is captured by British in Basking Ridge 
25-Dec The night of December 25, Washington and 2,400 troops cross Delaware River landing at Johnson's Ferry Washington Crossing State Park 
26-Dec Predawn - American army marches to Trenton, surprising Hessians in attack at the Old Barracks, Trenton 

 

1777
1-Jan Lord Cornwallis takes command of the British Army in Princeton 
2-Jan Battle of Trenton with heavy fighting along Assunpink, Trenton 
3-Jan Battle of Princeton - Washington strikes the British rear at Princeton, Americans defeat small British force 
Jan 6 -
May 28 
Washington's troops spend winter at Morristown 
26-Sep British take Philadelphia September to October Washington builds up defenses at Red Bank on lower Delaware River 
22-Oct Americans defeat attacking Hessian troops, then abandon Fort Mercer 
15-Nov British take Fort Mifflin, Pennsylvania 
Dec - May  Washington and 12,000 troops survive bitter winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania 
 

 

1778
21-Mar British and Loyalist troops raid Hancock's Bridge, American troops die at Hancock House massacre 
28-Jun Critical American victory at Battle of Monmouth 
11-Dec Washington sets up headquarters in Wallace House, troops spend winter in Watchung Mountains in Middlebrook 

 

1779
19-Aug Major Henry Lee attacks the British fort at Paulus Hook (Jersey City) 
28-Oct British Major John Simcoe leads raid through Elizabethtown to Bound Brook and Somerset Courthouse, Millstone 
1-Dec Washington moves army into winter quarters at Morristown for the most severe winter of the century

 

1780
June 7 - 23  Battle of Springfield/invasion of Elizabethtown and Springfield 
July 1 - 8  Washington establishes headquarters at Dey Mansion, Wayne 

 

1783
30-Jun Congress abandons Independence Hall in Philadelphia and reconvenes at Nassau Hall in Princeton 
23-Aug George and Martha Washington arrive at Rockingham 
3-Sep America and Britain sign Peace Treaty in Paris, France 
2-Nov Washington writes Farewell Address at Rockingham

 

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